Hair loss is a common problem with men, women and children. The signs of hair loss vary depending on the causes.
• Signs in children: It is a major source of concern if your child starts losing hair. Adults normally lose around 100 strands a day, but children do not and should ideally have more hair on their heads. Parents need to keep a close eye on their children. The signs of hair loss in childhood include patches of hair loss and fast thinning of hair. Hair loss can start as early as two-three-year and continue to teenage. The main thing to do is to consult a dermatologist. The first sign of hair loss is by hair thinning. This is caused by either pulling and plucking by self or bacterial or ring worm infections. The former is called as Trichotillomania which is an Obsessive Compulsive disorder. Hair thinning can also be caused by malnutrition, thyroid disorder or vitamin A toxicity. Hair loss in kids can be monitored by excess hair in pillow, bed or hair brush.
• Signs in Men: While it is women who mostly complain of hair loss, men are more likely to manifest signs like balding. To complicate things, men have short hair, which makes their baldness more conspicuous. The early signs of hair loss in men are thinning which reduces hair all over the scalp. The next stage is reducing hairline in which baldness becomes prominent starting from the crown till the upper forehead area. The type of hair loss depends on the cause. Hair loss caused by hormonal and heredity factors do not follow any pattern. Some men tend to lose more hair around the centre of their head. To spot the problem early, keep an eye on the hair brush, the bath towel and the sleep pillow. Treatment can vary from stopping immediate causes like hair care products that don’t suit him to grafting and implant in the case of baldness.
• Signs in women: Hair loss is an alarming problem for women. Women have more reasons to lose hair than men and hair loss can be more easily monitored due to longer strands of hair. The first sign is shedding extra hair than the normal 100 strands, and this can be monitored by the bed pillow, the bath towel and the hair brush. Next sign is visible thinning of hair from all around the scalp or just around the crown or centre of head. Hair loss is also prominent for those combating diabetes, cancer and hypothyroidism. Child birth and hormonal problems related to menopause can trigger high loss of hair.
Loss of hair can also be distinguished on the basis of its size and form:
• Gradual thinning on top of head: Common among both men and women. In men, it is a receding of hair from forehead resembling M shape while, in women, it is a broadening of the parting of their hair.
• Patchy or circular bald spots: May affect beards and eyebrows in addition to hair.
• Quick loosening of hair: Hair may loosen due to sudden emotional or physical shock. Handfuls of hair may come loose after even gentle tugging.
• Hair loss in full body: Medical treatments like chemotherapy may cause loss of hair all over body.
These are some of the signs of hair loss to be detected in children, men and women.